The town Anjaar takes its name from the Arabic term "Ayn
Al-Jaar," or "water from the rock," and is known for the streams that flow
from the nearby mountains. It is a unique city in several ways. Anjaar
is the only set of Omayaad ruins in Lebanon, and there were no artifacts
at Anjaar of the many other societies that inhabited the Bekka Valley before
them. The city was built by the Caliph Malik as a trading city, at
the intersection of the north-south and east-west trade routes. It is the
only non-coastal trading city in the country, and it flourished for only
20-30 years before the Abbasids overran the city and it fell into disuse.
While built from scratch by the Omayaads, it used classic Roman design,
a square walled city with four towers and gates. Anjaar is bisected horizontally
and vertically by two main streets, the Cardo Maximus and the Documanus
Maximus. At its peak, it housed more than 600 shops, Roman-style baths,
two palaces and a mosque. Below is a VR panorama of Anjaar that contains
links to the architecturally significant aspects of the ruins. A more detailed
explanation of the ruins can be found beneath the panorama.
Our virtual tour of Anjaar begins at the north gate, the
entrance to the ruins. Walking down the Cardo Maximus, the arcade that
served as the entrance to the baths
is to your right, while on the left are the ruins of building and storehouses
that served the palace. Continuing down the Cardo Maximus about 200 meters,
you reach the center of the city, the crossroads where the Cardo Maximus
intersects the Documanus Maximus. To the left is the "little
palace," essentially a harem where the Caliph's wives lived.
The Documanus Maximus (which runs left and right from this center point)
was the commercial heart of the city, containing more than 600
individual shops. If you continue north on the Cardo Maximus,
to the left are the famous arcades of the Omayyad
Palace, the best preserved of the Anjaar ruins, and a signature image
of this spot. To the left of the Cardo Maximus are the city's residential
quarters. The panorama then sweeps northward. Just to the left of the
cross-roads is a Roman-style tetrapylon (one
of the pillars is missing) which (along with the palace arcade) has come
to symbolize Anjaar in the same manner as the columns of Jupiter symbolize
Baalbeck. In the far end of this north west quadrant (bringing you back
to the north gate entrance) are the baths.
-Links Marked "VR"
-"Click Once" Links-Click Once Only
-"Click Here" Links-you may double click on these
[Other text windows are commentary--don't click!]
you must select links from the highlighted text rather than the panorama. When you have finished viewing, close the popup window by clicking on the box in the left hand corner
-panorama rotates until you select a link
-to restart, hold down mouse button and drag inside the -panorama window or hold down mouse and press on the yellow arrows
-hold mouse button down and drag to look up or down
-slider button contols zoom [doesn't work on Macs :( ]
Trouble With the Panorama? You
might want to try here
before giving up....
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